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Gainful jobs but no dignity of labour



Morung Express News
The number of unemployed Naga males, especially those from the rural areas in Nagaland, is increasing and ironically, the growth of the construction and infrastructural sector in the state has not helped in easing the unemployment index because there are no Naga/local workers.
The biggest and fastest growing ‘industry’ in Nagaland is the infrastructure-development sector. However, the sector is dominated by non-Nagas for the simple reason that Nagas would rather opt for “government service,” a collaborative report of the Government of India-United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has strongly implied. Another important aspect of unemployment that the report heighted was that unemployment of women in the urban areas is increasing.
Fastest growing sector dominated by non-Nagas; govt jobs saturated: UNDP Report
The GOI-UNDP report – facilitated by the department of Urban Planning & Coordination, Nagaland – was first published in 2011. The report implied that Nagas were never inclined to working in the ‘organized sector’ (non-government, unorganized services sector) such as ‘rearing cattle for diary.’ Rather, the figures show that the state government is the biggest employer to Naga citizens. This amply implied that although there are significant career opportunities in other sectors (particularly, agriculture, commerce, floriculture and the construction industry) the unemployed Naga refuses to opt for anything that is not ‘government’. Thus, the report implies, the huge number of non-Naga workers in the unorganized sector such as the construction and building sector.
The Nagaland Government’s Employment Review found about 1, 033 organized sectors in the state. Out of the 1, 033, about 844 are public sectors. The public sectors are providing employment to at least 68, 207 persons (2005), the reports say. Further, 189 private sectors are employing at least 4, 101 persons. Interestingly, in spite of the existence of 844 private sectors out of a total of 1, 033, the government sector is the biggest employer – 1, 04, 594 persons approximately are employed in the government as recent as 2008.
The reluctance of Nagaland citizens to work in other non-government sector is further reflected by the number of non-local workers in one of the fastest growing – and biggest – private sector, the construction and building industry. The sector is dominated by non-Nagas, the report says. In 2007-2008, the report says, there were approximately 4, 099 persons engaged in construction and yielded a total earning of about Rs. 33 crore with a per capita income of Rs. 53, 402.
The unorganized services sector (such as transporting, ferrying and assistance services) is another where there is huge potential for employment, the UNDP report stated. There are many who work in loading and unloading goods and ferrying goods from, for instance, bus stations or trains, the report stated. From such gainful activities the workers yielded approximately Rs. 33 crore and an annual average per capita income of Rs. 82, 192. These two sectors (construction and unorganized public service) alone yields in total approximately Rs. 55 Crore per year as revenue income,
the report said.
“Employment in the above two sectors does not require any specific training or education or skill but only require hands-on training, physical ability and willingness to work. Hence, therein lie another huge potential for employment opportunities to absorb and engage the increasing workforce within the construction sector,” the report stated.   
Some of the sectors in Nagaland which the report said offer huge potential for employment opportunities include poultry, forestry, organic farming, cattle-rearing and diary production, construction, tourism, agriculture, horticulture, floriculture and medicinal and aromatic plants, livestock, fisheries and the industrial sector, among others.    


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