Nagaland State: NES 2015-16 claims progress in education

Our Correspondent
Kohima | March 28  

Nagaland State Department of Economics & Statistics has claimed that the state has witnessed tremendous progress in the field of education during the last decades.  

Coupled with the centrally sponsored schemes, the communitisation of education in 2002 has led to improvement in the management of schools at the primary level and to a considerable extent in the attendance of teachers and in the enrolment rate in the schools, according to the Nagaland Economic Survey (NES) 2015-16 brought out by department and tabled in the recent NLA session.

Literacy rate

As per the 2011 Census, the state achieved a literacy rate of 79.55 %, which is higher than the national average of 70.04 %. There is an improvement in literacy rate from 66.59 % in 2001 and 61.65 % in 1991. In 2011, male literacy rate showed drastic improvement of 82.75% from 71.16 % in 2001. Female literacy rate also showed improvement to 76.11 % as against 61.46 % in 2001. The state gender gap in literacy rate stood at 6.64 % as against the gap of 16.6 % at the national level. This indicates a lower gender disparity in educational attainment in Nagaland.

Accessibility

The survey stated that to achieve the goal of universalisation of elementary education, primarily schools have been established in almost all the villages. As per Unified- District Information System of Education (U-DISE 2014-15), there were 3,002 number of various types of schools functioning in the state. Out of which, 1,428 were primary schools, 862 upper primary/middle schools, 543 secondary/high schools and 169 higher secondary schools.

Enrolment

Meanwhile, intervention of the government to improve access to primary schools, strengthening of existing infrastructures, communitization and other types of educational facilities have resulted in considerable increase in enrolment at all level. The survey informed that the total enrolment covered under U-DISE 2014-15 was 4, 35, 432 out of which 2, 93, 836 were found to be enrolled in primary; 1, 13, 207 in upper primary; 53, 012 in secondary and 28, 110 in higher secondary.

Teachers

Under U-DISE 2014-15, there were 29,499 teachers in all types of schools in the state. In primary schools 8,279 teachers were working regularly, whereas in upper primary/middle schools there are 8,722 teachers. At secondary/high schools there were 7,934 teachers and in higher secondary schools there were 4,564 teachers. However, only 30.05 % of the teachers in the state were found to be trained. Trained teachers was maximum in higher secondary schools with secondary schools having 51.56 %, and lowest was in higher secondary only with 18.07 %. Teachers with graduate degree and above constituted 53.65 % of teachers in the state.

Gross Enrolment Ratio

Nagaland achieved a Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of 100.57 at the primary level as against the national GER of 100.08 in 2014-15. However with a high dropout rate of 19.41 at the primary level as against all national dropout rate of 4.34, the Nagaland Net Enrolment Ratio is 85.59 as against all national ratio of 87.41. The survey stated that this trend of GER and NER is the same even in the upper primary level. At the secondary level, Nagaland NER falls to 40.28 against the national NER of 48.46. The higher secondary level however paints a dismal picture as the Nagaland NER falls further to 17.65 against the all India NER of 32.68.